Raw Food – Diets. How to lose weight. Healthy diets
Every summer, nature gives us a chance to improve our health and prepare for the coming cold weather with the help of a variety of fruits: vegetables, fruits, berries, fresh herbs. Such a diet is tasty, useful to everyone, without exception, and is completely natural in the summer heat, when there is no thought of hot cutlets. Why not follow this diet all the time? Moreover, you can take the first step even today. Some people do just that – they completely abandon animal food and switch to plant food, joining the numerous ranks of vegetarians.
In this article, we will not dwell on the moral and ethical aspects of vegetarianism, but consider one of its most extreme manifestations – a raw food diet. Raw food eaters are not at all those who eat cheese, moreover, cheese, like other industrial products, they do not eat at all. The diet of raw foodists consists of plant foods that have not been cooked. For those who ask about the reasons for such rigid self-restraint, raw foodists have a beautiful explanation.
In every culture there are myths about how a long time ago people lived in the Garden of Eden or simply in harmony with nature, but then something terrible happened, and numerous misfortunes fell upon our ancestors. Raw foodists believe that the beginning of all the troubles was the “domestication” of fire, the emergence of technologies for baking bread and the transition from plant foods to animals. Of course, without farming and hunting is impossible for the development of civilization, and this had to be paid for with health. But now, when we have the opportunity to choose almost any food, and we do not need to decide the issue of survival, we traditionally continue to eat not the most useful foods. Moreover, food has turned from necessity into pleasure. A modern person often eats, not because he is hungry, but for completely different reasons (emotional, social). By the way, only one awareness of the motives of overeating and the ability to listen to your body can significantly improve the well-being and figure of a person.
Scientists’ attitudes towards vegetarianism, especially a raw food diet, are controversial. On the one hand, it is generally accepted that a person needs proteins and fats of animal origin, that B vitamins, calcium and other trace elements can enter the human body only with animal food. On the other hand, there are many examples of how people got rid of serious diseases by fasting and switching to plant foods. Undoubtedly, health problems can arise in vegetarians, but only if the body does not receive a sufficient amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and other essential substances. If you seriously approach the choice of products and “learn the theoretical part”, you can not be afraid, because proteins are found in cereals, legumes, some vegetables, and nuts, seeds and vegetable oils are rich in fats.
Raw foodists are convinced that plant foods in their original form are the only proper nutrition for humans. In defense of this point of view, the fact is cited that a person, in fact, does not digest food himself. For him, it is done by many microorganisms that live in the intestines. It has been established that there are about a kilogram of bacteria in the intestines of an adult. Science is not yet fully aware of the processes occurring in the human intestine, since many microorganisms do not develop in artificial environments, and their study is extremely difficult. However, it has long been proven that plant food in the human intestine is digested by fermenting bacteria. The waste products of these bacteria serve as food for humans, and a person receives about 10% of calories from this source. In addition to substances necessary for a person, fermentors emit hydrogen, which feeds other bacteria, the waste of which is utilized by others, and so on … A person is in a sense excluded from the digestion process. Its role is reduced to the choice of products and their preliminary preparation in the mouth and stomach.
An important role in this model of digestion is played by enzymes or enzymes – proteins contained in plants and produced in the human body. Enzymes soften food, making it easier to break down into nutrients. The synthesis of enzymes is not yet subject to science, since these are very complex compounds. Here we come to the main difference between a raw food diet and other types of vegetarianism. It is enzymes that explain the reluctance of raw foodists to subject food to heat treatment, because when heated above 46 degrees Celsius, enzymes are destroyed, the food ceases to be “alive” and requires significant efforts to assimilate. The same applies to freezing. In the absence of enzymes in food, the body has to make great efforts to produce them. In addition, during the heat treatment of plant foods, almost half of the proteins and more than half of the vitamins and minerals are destroyed (although there are opposite examples: raw legumes contain toxins that are destroyed by steeping and boiling).
Concern about the preservation of enzymes also explains the emergence of the “extreme” direction of raw food diet – raw mono diet or monotrophic raw food diet. Supporters of a raw mono diet do not mix several foods at one meal, but take breaks between them from 30 minutes to 3 hours, since each plant has its own set of enzymes, which, when mixed in the intestines, make it difficult for digestion.
This digestion model works perfectly only when a person eats exclusively plant foods. When eating meat, undigested residues remain in the intestines for a long time, making it difficult for the bacteria to work well. Indeed, unlike predators, the human stomach is not able to quickly cope with meat. To digest meat food, you need gastric juice with high acidity, which leads to an increase in blood acidity, stress on the heart and leaching of calcium from the bones. Another danger to human health, according to raw foodists, is represented by industrial products, which contain not only unnecessary, but also harmful chemicals.
It would be a mistake to think that raw foodists torture themselves with hunger, eat tasteless but wholesome food and constantly struggle with temptations. Experienced raw foodists admit that after switching to plant-based foods, meat and many industrial products simply ceased to stimulate their appetite and even be associated with food. When the body gets everything it needs, it doesn’t require anything extra.
There is an opinion that the diet of vegetarians, especially raw foodists, is very poor, because it is impossible to change the natural taste of foods using culinary methods. It is possible that during the day or even a week raw foodists eat only 3-4 types of fruits, but during the year raw foodists will definitely try all the gifts of nature that ripen where they live, which cannot be said about adherents of the traditional diet. Of course, being a raw foodist in sunny Italy, for example, is much easier than in central Russia, but even for our compatriots, nothing is impossible.
So, the basic principles of a raw food diet are as follows:
1. Exclusion of products of animal origin.
2. Elimination of heat treatment of products. The food temperature should not rise above 46 ° C and fall below 2 ° C.
3. Elimination of herbs and spices.
4. The only drinks allowed are water and fresh juice. Alcohol and caffeinated drinks are completely excluded.
5. “Emotional nutrition” and a strict diet are excluded. Each meal should be a response to hunger.
6. One product is consumed at one meal. Different types of food are consumed at intervals from 30 minutes to 3 hours (for raw mono-eaters).